In this week's New Yorker BUY VIAGRA SOFT PILLS NO PRESCRIPTION, , there's a letter to the editor that reads, in part:
"...After September 11, 2001, Bush told the American people that the terrorist attacks were the work of those who hated freedom and democracy. By also characterizing the Iraq conflict as a war in defense of those values, Buy VIAGRA SOFT PILLS online cod, he drew a straight line between the two events, even though no known link between Iraq and the attacks has ever been demonstrated..."
- Daniel J. Hannerman
This is just one example of a trend in American political culture, VIAGRA SOFT PILLS long term, the increasing use of the "fallacy of the undistributed middle." In short, VIAGRA SOFT PILLS without prescription, it goes like this:
A is related to C;
B is related to C;
Thus A is related to B.
In this case, C is the undistributed middle, the thing that seems to connect A and B, VIAGRA SOFT PILLS description. On first glance, Is VIAGRA SOFT PILLS safe, this connection seems to make sense, but consider this example:
All trespassers are shot, and John was shot, buy no prescription VIAGRA SOFT PILLS online, therefore, VIAGRA SOFT PILLS from mexico, John was a trespasser
The middle term, the thing that connects John to being a trespasser, is being shot, buy generic VIAGRA SOFT PILLS. However, VIAGRA SOFT PILLS natural, John might have been shot as part of a mugging, or because he committed suicide. Just because he was shot, you can't assume that he was a trespasser, BUY VIAGRA SOFT PILLS NO PRESCRIPTION. I could break out some Venn diagrams, VIAGRA SOFT PILLS price, coupon, but you get the idea. VIAGRA SOFT PILLS brand name, So, what does this have to do with the New Yorker quote. Well, online VIAGRA SOFT PILLS without a prescription, it seems that one of the strongest tactics in the political toolkit of the conservative movement these days is the ability to connect two seemingly unrelated concepts through a reified undistributed middle. Online buy VIAGRA SOFT PILLS without a prescription, "Reification", a la Berger and Luckman, is the process by which knowledge gets separated from the process of its production, VIAGRA SOFT PILLS interactions, and seems to just exist sui generis. BUY VIAGRA SOFT PILLS NO PRESCRIPTION, In the case of the war in Iraq, by constructing an idea of "those who hate freedom and democracy" and reinforcing it in speeches, press briefings, and elsewhere, the Bush administration reified this idea of evildoing America-haters, creating a meme that could then be attached to any group or regime in its sights. VIAGRA SOFT PILLS for sale, Thus, by using this reified category as an undistributed middle, the administration was able to connect two essentially unrelated groups (al Quaeda and Iraq) in the minds of the public, where to buy VIAGRA SOFT PILLS.
It's not just "evildoers" - this same tactic has been very successfully deployed by the conservative movement in domestic politics. VIAGRA SOFT PILLS use, Consider the word "liberal." Though I haven't done any hard historical research on the subject, it seems to me that the connotation of the word "liberal" has been reshaped in the past fifteen years. In short, taking VIAGRA SOFT PILLS, "liberal" has become reified, Purchase VIAGRA SOFT PILLS for sale, detached from any clear referent: in much of popular culture, "liberal" doesn't stand for a particular set of policy stances, or even a larger philosophical orientation - instead, herbal VIAGRA SOFT PILLS, "liberal" just exists as an "other", VIAGRA SOFT PILLS cost, a demonized straw man to knock down with impunity.
You can credit Rush Limbaugh and Newt Gingrich and the rest of the early-1990's conservatives for this reification, in particular the institution of talk radio, which lends itself easily to this sort of idea-construction (remember Father Coughlin earlier this century): as a reader of Walter Ong might point out, radio is oral, which means that it tends to be circular and repetitive compared with print, which lends itself more easily to complex, linear arguments, BUY VIAGRA SOFT PILLS NO PRESCRIPTION.
The point here is that by constructing and reifying the idea of a "liberal", and attaching certain premises to it ("Liberals aren't in touch with average Americans", VIAGRA SOFT PILLS price, "Tax and Spend", Purchase VIAGRA SOFT PILLS online no prescription, "Treason"), conservatives can infer that any politician is connected to all these premises just by invoking the "L"-word.
An interesting consequence seems to be that many liberals themselves are running scared from the label "liberal", where can i buy VIAGRA SOFT PILLS online, and are left without any good language to describe what they stand for (hence, Purchase VIAGRA SOFT PILLS, the popular notion that Democrats have no platform). It's not that Democrats have no platform, it's that they have no safe language to use to express it, because the linguistic rug has been pulled from under their feet.
So here's a question with which to end: why haven't liberals fought back, turning "liberal" back into contested turf rather than just rolling over and trying to work with the political terrain as the conservatives have defined it.
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